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Hemp fabric: sustainable and environmentally friendly fashion

If you’re looking for a cool, breathable, durable and eco-friendly option to wear this summer, hemp clothing is the way to go. hemp clothing is your ideal solution, although you may not know it yet.

Today we talk about hemp fabric, an ancient textile material that in recent decades has caught the attention of fashion designers and customers who value environmental care. Hemp garments are known for their strength and breathability, but there is much more to discover. What is less known is that it is hypoallergenic, can make soft garments, and is highly durable. In addition, less water and pesticides are required in its production compared to other textile materials, making it one of the most sustainable fabrics available. Undoubtedly, the ideal choice for everyday clothing. Join us on this journey through the benefits of hemp fabric.

What is hemp fabric?

Hemp fabric is a high quality and durable textile material made from the fibers of the industrial hemp plant. These fibers are mainly extracted from the stems of the plant, which are processed to create soft, durable and resistant yarns and fabrics.

Hemp fabric is known to be breathable, moisture wicking and wear resistant. It is also hypoallergenic, making it suitable for people with sensitive skin.

In addition, hemp is valued for its sustainability, as the plant grows quickly and requires less water and pesticides compared to other textile crops.

Discovering hemp fabric: Features

Hemp fabric has several distinctive characteristics. If it is known for anything, it is for being very durable, resistant and having a long service life. Hemp fibers are stronger than cotton fibers, which makes hemp fabrics resistant to wear and tear and tensile strength.

In addition, hemp fabric is breathable and has good moisture wicking properties, making it suitable for summer clothing and sportswear.

Some of the garments we have in Cannactiva are:

Hemp also has hypoallergenic properties, which means it is less likely to cause allergic reactions compared to other textile materials. This makes it a favorable choice for people with sensitive skin.

Hemp fabric composition

Hemp fiber is composed of 70-80% cellulose (the main component of cotton), which is needed to make the fabric, and also contains hemicellulose, pectin and lignin.

Hemicellulose helps to strengthen the fiber structure, while pectin provides some flexibility. Lignin , on the other hand, is what makes hemp difficult to make as fine as cotton, but it is excellent for uses requiring durability and strength.

You should also keep in mind that hemp fabric becomes softer and more comfortable with each wash.

Uses of hemp fabric

Although the use of hemp for textiles may seem new, it is not new at all: they have been used for thousands of years!

We must banish the idea of hemp fabric as a coarse, robust and rough fabric. While it is true that one of the uses of hemp is the production of ropes, this does not mean that it is not suitable for other types of textiles and styles.

It is a very versatile fabric and therefore there are many products made of hemp: clothes, sheets, towels, slippers, carpets, bags, backpacks… These products offer a combination of softness and resistance.

With proper handling, soft hemp fibers can be produced, as in the case of hemp sheets and clothing, which, in addition to being resistant, are breathable and pleasant to the touch. Hemp fabric can be dyed in a wide variety of colors and can be blended with other materials such as cotton and linen to create a softer fabric.

Advantages of hemp fabric

Another strong point that is bringing hemp fabric into the limelight is its sustainability. As we mentioned on a previous occasion about the benefits of hemp for the environment benefits of hemp for the environment This plant is easy to grow and does not require pesticides or herbicides for its development.

Hemp cultivation has environmental benefits, such as absorbing CO2, improving soil quality and promoting biodiversity.

In addition, it is a fast-growing crop that can be harvested several times a year, making it a more sustainable alternative to cotton and other traditional textile materials.

Another added advantage is that it does not release microplastics during washing. Synthetic fiber fabrics, such as polyester, nylon and acrylic, are derived from petroleum and are composed of small plastic particles. These fibers are released during laundry washing and are released into the wastewater. As these synthetic fibers decompose, they become microplastics, which pollute rivers and oceans. In this sense, natural fibers such as hemp are once again the most environmentally friendly alternative.

Disadvantages of hemp fabrics

But if hemp fabric is so good, why is it so hard to find? One reason is that the plant has been unfairly censored, in many respects, over the past few centuries. And this has led to a delay in the advances that would allow its integral use. Among them, textiles.

One of the challenges posed by hemp fabric is that its composition varies slightly according to variety and climate. In order for us to see hemp fabric in many more products, the development of adapted fiber extraction methods and spinning technologies for the complete “cotonization” of the fabric is necessary.

With its growing popularity and sustainability, we are likely to see more hemp fabric products in the coming years. A natural, durable and environmentally friendly option. The real textile revolution!

We hope you have found the potential of hemp for the development of a sustainable textile bioproducts sector as interesting as we have. At Cannactiva we are committed to bring you all the best of hemp and that’s why you can find fresh hemp t-shirts and pants for the summer in our physical stores, at Cannactiva CBD Barcelona y Cannactiva CBD Madrid . Incorporate hemp clothing into your closet and set the trend!

Más información
  • Zimniewska M. Hemp Fibre Properties and Processing Target Textile: A Review. Materials (Basel). 2022 Mar 3;15(5):1901. doi: 10.3390/ma15051901. PMID: 35269132.

Does hemp clothing have cannabinoids?

No, hemp clothing does not contain CBD or THC, because these cannabinoids are found primarily in the flowers, and are absent in the fibrous stalks of the plant that are used to make fabric.

Where is hemp fabric obtained from?

Hemp fabric is obtained from the plant’s fibers, which are concentrated in the stalk. The Cannabis sativa plant is very fibrous (characteristic of textile plants), and precisely these give it the characteristics for which it stands out: a plant that is easy to grow (because the fibers protect the stem from moisture loss and temperature changes) and robust (because they give it rigidity).

When is hemp harvested for textile uses?

There are hybrid hemp varieties that have high cannabidiol (CBD) content along with good fiber yield for textile uses. In these varieties, the time of harvest is determined about three to four months after planting, with slight variations, depending on climatic conditions. Harvesting is usually between the flowering stage and seed formation. Thus, it is possible to harvest the CBD flowers to extract CBD and wait for the plant fibers to reach maturity.

How is hemp fabric obtained?

The process of making hemp fabric begins with the extraction of the fiber from the plant. After harvesting, different methods are used to extract the fiber from the stem, such as retting, decortication or mechanical extraction. These methods aim to separate the hemp fibers from the woody and non-cellulosic parts of the stalk. The retting method is the most commonly used to biologically degrade the substances that bind hemp fibers to other parts of the stalk, such as pectin, hemicellulose and lignin. This process can be carried out in different ways, such as water retting, enzymatic retting or chemical retting. After retting, mechanical processes are carried out to separate the fibers from the woody parts and divide the technical fibers into smaller fiber complexes. Once separated, the hemp fibers can be processed in carding machines to produce hemp fibers similar to cotton or wool in terms of dimensions and end applications. There is also the possibility of carrying out processes such as decortication followed by degumming and carding, or riado followed by decortication and carding. The type of hemp fiber extraction process has an effect on the chemical composition and resulting properties of the fibers. The retanning methods are particularly important, as they determine the quality of the fibers. Water retting is the most effective method for removing non-cellulosic substances from hemp biomass, and water retted fibers, due to their high cellulose content, are the most suitable for textile purposes.

Andrea Rezes Esmeraldino
Cannabis researcher and trainer : Expert in CBD products of Cannactiva. With extensive experience in the cannabis world, Andrea is an expert in Cannactiva's CBD products. He deals every day [...]

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