Guide to vaping CBD and cannabis: Characteristics, effects, benefits and optimal vaporization temperatures

The vaporization is a growing trend. Vaporizers have become popular devices because of their practicality, but above all because they allow you to enjoy the CBD ( What is CBD? ) in a different way, and also avoid the release of toxic products resulting from combustion.

Since there are still many doubts about how vaporizers work and their possible implications on wellness, here are the details of how they work, types and their advantages.

Introduction to cannabis vaporizations

What is cannabis vaporization?

Vaporization is a method of cannabis consumption in which cannabis or cannabis extracts are heated at a controlled temperature to convert from solid or liquid form to vapor.

Cannabis is a plant that is increasingly used, not only for its concentration in cannabinoids but also for the effects of terpenes . Terpenes are the compounds that give the aroma and flavor characteristics to the cannabis plant, providing a particular organoleptic sensation during vaporization.

When a vaporizer is used, it heats the cannabis flowers to produce vapors, which contain cannabinoids and terpenes in gaseous form. Vaping CBD flowers

The application of heat to temperatures below boiling point is called vaporization. Unlike smoking, where the substance is burned and the combustion by-products it contains are inhaled, the vaporization temperatures, which are always lower than the combustion temperatures, allow the vapor and the desired compounds to be inhaled without the toxic substances in the smoke.

Uses and effects of cannabis vaporization

Vaporization enhances the perception of the aromas of the flower variety being consumed. This is because terpenes have a lower boiling point than cannabinoids, so when heat is applied, they vaporize faster and are the first to be distinguished.

People use vaporizations for a variety of reasons. Some prefer them to taste the aromas and flavors of the varieties (it is said that the ideal for marijuana tastings is to use vaporizers), others because they prefer to avoid the smoke of combustion, or because of the discretion of these devices. Vaporizers also allow precise dosing , which is used by medical cannabis users.

In addition, although still under study, the use of CBD vaporizations for smoking cessation has been reported. CBD vaporizations for smoking cessation .

Effects of CBD vaping

Vaping CBD or cannabidiol has gained popularity in recent years as a convenient way to consume CBD to notice its effects quickly. This is because CBD vape has a higher bioavailability and faster assimilation compared to other forms of administration such as CBD oil. Vaporization allows CBD to enter the bloodstream directly through the lung cells, bypassing the process of digestion and hepatic metabolism of CBD when consumed orally.

When vaping CBD, the effects of cannabidiol are felt quickly, usually within 1-3 minutes, and can last between 1 and 3 hours.

As for its effects, the sensation reported by users who vape CBD is of calm, well-being and tranquility, improvement of mood, reduction of stress and anxiety and improvement of sleep quality. It is worth mentioning that, unlike marijuana, CBD does not .

Types of vaporizers

Vaporizers are devices designed to vaporize cannabis at controlled temperatures. Depending on the type of substance to be vaporized, the following types of vaporizers can be distinguished:

Portable vaporizers

These are devices that allow vaporizing dried flowers and herbs. Within the industry, PAX vaporizers are the most popular brand and stand out for their sleek, compact design, ease of use and wide range of features and heating modes.

There are different models. The PAX2 is used to vaporize flowers, while the PAX3 allows, in addition to flowers, the vaporization of concentrates. And now you can also enjoy the new PAX Plus and PAX mini. PAX mini even more compact.

View all Dry herb and CBD marijuana vaporizers

CBD Vape Pens

The CBD Vape Pens also known as vaporizer pens, are slim, portable and very discreet cigarette-looking devices used with CBD Liquid Hash cartridges. Its content is 100% natural cannabis extract, without additives.

e-Liquid vapers

Finally, there are the electronic cigarette-type vaping devices or POD devices, designed to vaporize e-Liquids or vape liquids.

Unlike the previous ones, the vape liquid contains additives such as glycerin and propylene glycol, as well as possible flavorings that can be added to the vape liquid. Therefore, they are not exactly 100% natural cannabis vaporizations, but rather a preparation with a cannabis extract.

Cannabis vaporization temperatures

The importance of optimum temperature

Temperature control during vaporization is essential to obtain the desired effects when consuming cannabis. Since heat produces the decarboxylation or activation of cannabinoids decarboxylation or activation of cannabinoids By adjusting the temperature, it is possible to regulate the amount of active cannabinoids present in the inhaled vapors, allowing a more personalized and controlled experience for users.

Given that today’s vaporizing devices allow you to control the temperature at which we want to perform the vaporizing sessions, the question is clear: At what optimum temperature to vaporize cannabis? And, if the vaporization temperature of CBD and THC is different, at what temperature is it best to vaporize marijuana and CBD? To answer these questions, let’s first look at what the studies on the subject say:

At what temperature are cannabinoids vaporized and activated?

It must be emphasized that everything that happens before reaching the boiling point is called vaporization, therefore, to vaporize cannabis we must use a temperature lower than the boiling point of the cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids have a boiling point between 150 and 180 oC, according to different publications. However, a recent scientific paper describes that these temperatures can lead to misinterpretations, since they do not take into account the effect of atmospheric pressure on the vapor pressure, and thus the actual boiling point (1). The known boiling point of cannabinoids is under a high vacuum (0.05 Torr), whereas at normal ambient pressure (approximately 760 Torr), the boiling temperatures of CBD and THC exceed 400 oC according to the results of another research group (2). It is crucial to understand that, just as the boiling point can be affected by atmospheric pressure, it can also be altered by taking into account other thermodynamic factors.

Vaporization is not an exact science. It is crucial to understand that the boiling point measured in the laboratory for each compound (cannabinoid or terpene) varies within the vaporizing device. Therefore, it is not a value to which the utmost importance should be attached. When vaping, personal experience and sensations are what matter most.

Regarding the activation of cannabinoids during vaporization. According to a European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA) publication on decarboxylation of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) during vaporization (5), following a combined trend line, it was determined that approximately 3 hours at a temperature of 100 °C are required to achieve complete conversion of THCA to THC. At higher temperatures, the time required for conversion was significantly reduced. Approximately 4 hours at 98 °C, 10 minutes at 160 °C and only a few seconds at 200 °C are estimated to be needed to achieve complete conversion of THCA to THC.

Vaporizing CBD flowers
PAX Mini weed vaporizer

At what temperature are terpenes vaporized?

The terpenes have a lower boiling point than cannabinoids. These begin to vaporize as soon as the cannabis plant is processed, some of them being lost during the drying and curing of the buds. The boiling points of the main terpenes in cannabis are (6):

CBDA and THCA in vaporization

When vaporized, small concentrations of cannabinoids in their acid form may also be found. cannabinoids in their acid form such as CBDA. Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is the natural form in which CBD is found in the hemp plant and through vaporization, as it does not reach such high temperatures as in combustion, it can be released in vapors in small quantities.

Although there is no study indicating this particularly with cannabidiol (CBD), it has been studied with THC. One study compared THCA (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) concentrations resulting from three conventional methods of cannabis consumption: vaporization at around 200°C, combustion and cannabis extraction. It showed that the plant extract has the highest amount of THCA, the vapor has 5-10 % of what would be found of THCA in the extract, and no THCA was identified in the combustion (3). Therefore, in vaporizations it is possible to find small amounts of cannabinoids in acid form. In contrast, these are not found in combustion.

How to vaporize cannabis and CBD

How to vaporize cannabis with PAX type vaporizers

Vaporization temperature is a crucial aspect in vaping, as it makes the difference between burned and vaporized material, and directly influences vapor production, vapor quality and flavor. Vapor quality refers to the quantity of compounds vaporized.

PAX type vaporizing devices have their own temperature range and some even allow precise degree-by-degree control. As mentioned above, the boiling point of cannabinoids and terpenes measured in laboratories cannot be exactly transposed to the conditions inside the vaporization device. Therefore, general recommendations are usually given (7):

  • Low temperature of around 180-190°C (356-374°F): Preserves flavor and is ideal for preserving plant material, but produces soft, inconspicuous clouds of vapor. It is possible that at this temperature not all the cannabinoids are “activated”, so the effects are less intense.
  • Medium temperature of around 190-200°C (374-392°F): Provides a balance between flavor, sensations and vapor production, with more pronounced effects than at lower temperatures.
  • High temperatures of around 200-210°C (392-410°F): Produce more potent effects (higher and faster activation of cannabinoids) and larger vapor clouds. On the other hand, this higher temperature may affect the flavor.

In addition, the choice of vaporizer temperature must take into account the type of material loaded, whether dry herb or concentrates. Different materials vaporize at different temperatures: concentrates require the use of higher temperatures.

In the end, the precise vape temperature is a matter of personal preference, as it influences the flavors, experience and vapor production. Experimenting with different temperature settings will allow you to discover which settings best suit your preferences and needs.

How to Vape CBD Liquid Hash Vape Pen

The CBD Vape Pen is a portable and discreet device that allows you to enjoy natural hemp extract (100% hemp distillate, no additives). It doesn’t get any easier than vaping with these CBD pens: It activates automatically, so you simply bring the mouthpiece of the Vape Pen to your mouth and inhale slowly and gently, allowing the CBD vapor to enter the lungs. Exhale the vapor gently and enjoy the effects of CBD. If you need more puffs, wait a few seconds between each puff to allow optimal functioning of the device and to avoid overheating the liquid. When finished, remember that the cartridge is not refillable, but works with another cartridge of CBD Liquid Hash.

How to vape eLiquid CBD

To vape CBD eLiquid you will need a suitable vaporizer, such as an Osmall Pod. Make sure the vaporizer battery is charged. Simply fill the device with the CBD eLiquid in the flavor of your choice and replace the cap. The device is automatically activated when you inhale, so you don’t have to do anything but take smooth, steady puffs and enjoy the clouds of CBD vapor.

Benefits of cannabis and CBD vaporizations

  • Improves the taste of cannabis by preserving the natural flavors and aromas of the plant.
  • They are more efficient, as they extract the desirable compounds from the herbs.
  • Reduces the toxin load of the inhaled product.
  • It reduces the health damage involved with conventional methods such as smoking.
  • Reduces the appearance of chronic respiratory symptoms.

Advantages of vaporizing versus smoking

Fewer toxic compounds

The advantages of vaporizations over the traditional method of inhalation are several. The main and most important, it does not produce smoke.

The controlled temperature of a vaporizing device such as an e-cigarette or herbal vaporizer produces vapors instead of smoke. This is because the material is heated to a controlled temperature, high enough to convert the active components to steam, but not so high as to burn the material.

Fumes, on the other hand, are the result of combustion, which reaches very high temperatures and generates harmful by-products such as tar, carbon monoxide (CO) and other carcinogenic compounds such as benzene (4).

By opting for vaporization instead of combustion, you can enjoy the benefits of the active compounds present in cannabis, such as CBD, THC and terpenes, without the harmful compounds of smoke.

Best aroma

In addition, vaporization tends to better preserve the natural flavors and aromas of the plant material, providing a more pleasurable experience for users.

Are there risks associated with vaporization and how can I minimize them?

Cannabis vaporization is safer than other conventional methods. The potential risks associated with vaping are linked to the quality of the devices, the quality of the e-liquids or herbs and individual sensitivity.

The choice of a quality vaporizer is crucial, as a device that applies more heat than desired can lead to the production of harmful fumes. Likewise, the battery must also be of high quality, to maintain proper operation of the temperature application of the portable device.

The selection of e-liquids and herbs should also be taken seriously, as low-quality products could provide additional unnecessary risks. In addition, personal sensitivity to any of the compounds contained in cannabis should be taken into account. Informed, responsible and moderate use is recommended at all times.

Although vaporizer use avoids the risks of smoking, let’s not forget that research on the long-term effects is still ongoing. We advise a responsible and informed use of vaporizers.

In some countries, such as Spain, the sale of CBD flowers for vaporization is not allowed. Cannactiva flowers are intended for external use. Use cannabis at your own risk. Find out about the regulations that apply to your country.

Referencias
  1. Eyal, A. M., Berneman Zeitouni, D., Tal, D., Schlesinger, D., Davidson, E. M., & Raz, N. (2023). Vapor Pressure, Vaping, and Corrections to Misconceptions Related to Medical Cannabis’ Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients’ Physical Properties and Compositions. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 8(3), 414-425. https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2021.0173
  2. Lovestead, T. M., & Bruno, T. J. (2017). Determination of Cannabinoid Vapor Pressures to Aid in Vapor Phase Detection of Intoxication. Forensic chemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 5, 79-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forc.2017.06.003
  3. Fischedick, J., Van Der Kooy, F., & Verpoorte, R. (2010). Cannabinoid receptor 1 binding activity and quantitative analysis of Cannabis sativa L. smoke and vapor. Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 58(2), 201-207. https://doi.org/10.1248/cpb.58.201
  4. Lanz, C., Mattsson, J., Soydaner, U., & Brenneisen, R. (2016). Medicinal Cannabis: In Vitro Validation of Vaporizers for the Smoke-Free Inhalation of Cannabis. PloS one, 11(1), e0147286. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147286
  5. Iffland K, Carus M, Grotenhermen F. European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA) paper on: Decarboxylation of Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) to active THC. Hürth (Germany): nova-Institut GmbH; October 2016.
  6. Raz N, Eyal AM, Davidson EM. Optimal Treatment with Cannabis Extracts Formulations Is Gained via Knowledge of Their Terpene Content and via Enrichment with Specifically Selected Monoterpenes and Monoterpenoids. Molecules. 2022 Oct 15;27(20):6920. doi: 10.3390/molecules27206920. PMID: 36296511; PMCID: PMC9608144.
  7. PAX Vaporizer Recommendations. PAX. What Temperature Should I Set for My Vaporizer? November 23, 2022. Available at: https://www.pax.com/blogs/education/what-temperature-should-i-set-for-my-vaporizer

At what temperature to vaporize cannabis?

Each must experience the perfect temperature for its purpose. At lower temperatures you have less vapor and more flavor, while at higher temperatures there is more cannabinoid activation and therefore more effects. Find your sweet spot according to your preferences or needs.

Is it possible to vape CBD oil?

The reason CBD e-liquids exist is because it is not possible to vape CBD oil. The vegetable oils used in the production of CBD oil are incompatible with vaporization. Using CBD oil in e-liquid type devices can damage them irreparably.

What is the difference between vaporization and boiling?

Vaporization and boiling are two distinct processes related to the change of state to steam. Vaporization occurs at temperatures below the boiling point and results in the gradual evaporation of the substance as vapor. In boiling, on the other hand, the boiling point is reached, and the substance undergoes a rapid and widespread change to vapor throughout its mass. It should be emphasized that everything that occurs before the boiling point is called vaporization.

What is the boiling point?

The boiling point is that temperature at which a solid or liquid particle changes to gaseous form at a particular atmospheric pressure. For example, to reach the boiling point of water, you need to heat the water to 100 C when you are at sea level. But to reach boiling water in places in the world located several meters above sea level, this temperature is reduced because the pressure exerted on the liquid is reduced. The example of water would seem irrelevant, but it is crucial to understand that, just as the boiling point can be affected by atmospheric pressure, it can also be altered when other thermodynamic factors are taken into account.

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